Abortion Road Trip Sourcelist

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Women who used to live an average of 17 miles from an abortion provider now live 70 miles away
“New Research Shows Burdens of Texas Abortion Clinic Closures Due to House Bill 2.” Texas Policy Evaluation Project. The University of Texas at Austin. March 17, 2016. http://www.utexas.edu/cola/txpep/releases/impact-of-clinic-closures-rele...

10 percent of Texas women whose nearest clinic closed now live more than 256 miles away from an abortion provider.
“New Research Shows Burdens of Texas Abortion Clinic Closures Due to House Bill 2.” Texas Policy Evaluation Project. The University of Texas at Austin. March 17, 2016. http://www.utexas.edu/cola/txpep/releases/impact-of-clinic-closures-rele...

Gerdts, Caitlin, Liza Fuentes, Daniel Grossman, Kari White, Brianna Keefe-Oates, Sarah E. Baum, Kristine Hopkins, Chandler W. Stolp, and Joseph E. Potter. “Impact of Clinic Closures on Women Obtaining Abortion Services After Implementation of a Restrictive Law in Texas.” American Journal of Public Health 106, no. 5 (February 2016): 857-864.

West Virginia is one of the many states with a 24 hour mandatory waiting period for abortions. (Others have between 24 and 72)
“Who Decides? The Status of Women’s Reproductive Rights in the United States.” NARAL Pro-Choice America. January 2016.
http://www.prochoiceamerica.org/government-and-you/who-decides/

“State Facts about Abortion: West Virginia.” Guttmacher Institute. June 2015.
https://www.guttmacher.org/fact-sheet/state-facts-about-abortion-west-vi...

In Virginia you have to have a state mandated ultrasound 24 hours before accessing abortion... regardless of whether or not a doctor deems it necessary.
“Who Decides? The Status of Women’s Reproductive Rights in the United States.” NARAL Pro-Choice America. January 2016.
http://www.prochoiceamerica.org/government-and-you/who-decides/

“State Facts about Abortion: Virginia.” Guttmacher Institute. June 2015.
https://www.guttmacher.org/fact-sheet/state-facts-about-abortion-virginia

In Indiana, parents are required to bury or cremate an aborted fetus.
Green, Emma. “State-Mandated Mourning for Aborted Fetuses.” The Atlantic. May 14, 2016.

Tennessee, like several other states including Virginia and Texas, has Trap Laws (Targeted Regulation of Abortion Providers), which often regulate abortion providers out of practice.
“Who Decides? The Status of Women’s Reproductive Rights in the United States.” NARAL Pro-Choice America. January 2016.
http://www.prochoiceamerica.org/government-and-you/who-decides/

“State Policies in Brief: Targeted Regulation of Abortion Providers.” Guttmacher Institute. March 4, 2016.
https://www.guttmacher.org/sites/default/files/pdfs/spibs/spib_TRAP.pdf

“Targeted Regulation of Abortion Providers (TRAP).” NARAL Pro-Choice America.
http://www.prochoiceamerica.org/what-is-choice/fast-facts/issues-trap.html

“Targeted Regulation of Abortion Providers (TRAP).” Center for Reproductive Rights.
http://www.reproductiverights.org/project/targeted-regulation-of-abortio...

Ura, Alexa. “Supreme Court Hears Arguments on Abortion Restrictions.” Texas Tribune. March 2, 2016.
https://www.texastribune.org/2016/03/02/supreme-court-hear-arguments-tex...

“Texas is just looking out for your health, little lady”: Proponents of Texas House Bill 2 argue that women are not unduly burdened by the new regulations. In fact, they have argued that despite clinic closures in Texas, women can still travel to providers in nearby states. Many neighboring states, however, do not have the same strict medical requirements, undermining the claim that Texas House Bill 2 is about protecting women’s health.
Tuma, Mary. “Roe’s End?: Supreme Court Case will Decide the Future of Abortion Access in the U.S.” Austin Chronicle. January 29, 2016. http://www.austinchronicle.com/news/2016-01-29/roes-end/

Totenberg, Nina. “Supreme Court Tests Texas’ New Restrictions on Abortion.” Morning Edition. March 2, 2016.
http://www.npr.org/2016/03/02/468656213/supreme-court-tests-texas-new-re...

“Fewer Abortion Clinics in Texas.” New York Times. June 10, 2015.
http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/08/04/us/shrinking-number-of-abo...

Charles Goodyear’s vulcanization technology, invented in 1839, aided in the production of tires and “gave rise to the domestic manufacture of condoms, intrauterine devices, douching syringes, [and] womb veils (the nineteenth-century term for diaphragms and cervical caps).”
Tone, Andrea. Devices and Desires: A History of Contraceptives in America. New York: Hill and Wang, 2001, pg. 14.

In North Carolina, if a woman seeks an abortion after 16 weeks, healthcare providers are required to give the woman’s ultrasound to state officials.
Fausset, Richard. “Law on Ultrasounds Reignites Abortion Battle in North Carolina.” New York Times. January 10, 2016.
http://www.nytimes.com/2016/01/11/us/law-on-ultrasounds-reignites-aborti...

“Who Decides? The Status of Women’s Reproductive Rights in the United States.” NARAL Pro-Choice America. January 2016.
http://www.prochoiceamerica.org/government-and-you/who-decides/

“State Facts about Abortion: North Carolina.” Guttmacher Institute. June 2015.
https://www.guttmacher.org/fact-sheet/state-facts-about-abortion-north-c...


For more information on the history of reproductive rights in America, see

Collins, Gail. When Everything Changed: The Amazing Journey of American Women from 1960 to the Present. New York: Little, Brown and Company, 2009.

Hoff, Joan. Law, Gender, and Injustice: A Legal History of U.S. Women. New York: New York University Press, 1991.

Klepp, Susan E. Revolutionary Conceptions: Women, Fertility, and Family Limitation in America, 1760-1820. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.

May, Elaine Tyler. America and the Pill: A History of Promise, Peril, and Liberation. New York: Basic Books, 2010.


For more information on the current state of abortion access and reproductive rights in America, see

“Who Decides? The Status of Women’s Reproductive Rights in the United States.” NARAL Pro-Choice America. January 2016.
http://www.prochoiceamerica.org/government-and-you/who-decides/

“Datapoint: In U.S., Access to Abortion Care Declining at Record Rate.” Women’s Health Policy Report. March 24, 2016.
http://www.womenshealthpolicyreport.org/articles/s/in-us-access-to-abort...

“One-Third of U.S. Women Seeking Abortions Travel More Than 25 Miles to Access Services.” Guttmacher Institute. July 26, 2013. https://www.guttmacher.org/news-release/2013/one-third-us-women-seeking-...


To follow the latest updates to Whole Women’s Health v. Hellerstedt, check out the Supreme Court of the United States Blog.

Whole Women’s Health v. Hellerstedt. SCOTUSblog: Supreme Court of the United States Blog. Case no. 14-50928. September 4, 2015.
http://www.scotusblog.com/case-files/cases/whole-womans-health-v-cole/

Special thanks to Natalie Scheidler at Cosulting the Past.